Originally published: January 8, 2015
Before we discuss it in the context of marketing automation, let us define ALAMO – it is the All-important Leading-edge Analytics-based MIPS mOdel. The acronym MIPS refers to the four-step process in marketing automation: Measurement → Inference → Prediction → Steering.
In a previous article, “The K.I.S.S. Principle in Marketing Analytics“, we listed some of the major benefits of marketing automation to businesses who use it. It has its ups and its downs (which are all good): the ups include increased revenues, leads, conversions, sales, and accuracy of multi-channel attributions; and downs include reduced marketing overhead. Those are outcomes that any CMO would love.
In order to get there, the marketing automation pipeline processes must be put in place. Fortunately, there is an excellent model for such dynamic data-driven application systems (DDDAS – see dddas.org) – that is the MIPS model. MIPS starts with measurement of behavior in the system (e.g., customer metrics), then follows with machine learning and model-building (i.e., inference), which leads to implementation of the model (i.e., predictive analytics and extraction of actionable intelligence), ending with the appropriate action (i.e., “steering” of marketing campaign assets, or prescriptive analytics = taking the right action at the right time for the right customer in the right context).
Data Science occurs in the inference and prediction “IP” steps of MIPS – that is where machine learning algorithms are applied to the incoming measurement data, to generate predictive models of customer behavior (e.g., what will they buy? What offer would have highest acceptance rate? What can we cross-sell, or upsell, to this customer?). The “IP” machine learning algorithms may include decision trees, random forests, neural networks, Markov models, Bayesian networks, regression, and association rule learning.
For classical content-based marketing and for inbound marketing (where the customer finds you online and lands on your site), the MIPS model of marketing automation and personalization are essential enablers of marketing success at several levels in the customer journey:
1. Brand awareness
2. Lead conversion and nurturing
3. Customer conversion
4. Customer service
5. Retention and loyalty
7. Passionate subscribers
Being able to target a specific individualized campaign automatically at each of these levels will ultimately improve the ROI from your marketing investments. The good news is that there are synergies and efficiencies of scale across these 7 levels for each of the four steps in the MIPS process, which have many commonalities at all levels – i.e., the need to measure something, the need to infer a model of customer behavior using data science, the need to implement a predictive analytics model, and the need to steer your marketing assets in the right direction for each customer. It can work for your business. Just remember the ALAMO!
For more from Kirk Borne, follow him on Twitter: @kirkdborne